Multisite Focused Changes in 4.8

Here’s an overview of the developer facing changes made in multisitemultisite Used to describe a WordPress installation with a network of multiple blogs, grouped by sites. This installation type has shared users tables, and creates separate database tables for each blog (wp_posts becomes wp_0_posts). See also network, blog, site for the 4.8 cycle. If you’re interested in more detail, checkout the full list of tickets.

New capabilities

As part of the goal to remove all calls to is_super_admin() in favor of capability checks, two new metaMeta Meta is a term that refers to the inside workings of a group. For us, this is the team that works on internal WordPress sites like WordCamp Central and Make WordPress. capabilities have been introduced in this releaseRelease A release is the distribution of the final version of an application. A software release may be either public or private and generally constitutes the initial or new generation of a new or upgraded application. A release is preceded by the distribution of alpha and then beta versions of the software.:

  • upgrade_network is used to determine whether a user can access the Networknetwork (versus site, blog) Upgrade page in the network adminadmin (and super admin). Related to this, the capability is also checked to determine whether to show the notice that a network upgrade is required. The capability is not mapped, so it is only granted to network administrators. See #39205 for background discussion.
  • setup_network is used to determine whether a user can setup multisite, i.e. access the Network Setup page. Before setting up a multisite, the capability is mapped to the manage_options capability, so that it is granted to administrators. Once multisite is setup, it is mapped to manage_network_options, so that it is granted to network administrators. See #39206 for background discussion.

Both capabilities work in a backward-compatible fashion, so no changes should be required in plugins that deal with those areas. The capabilities however allow more fine-grained control about access to their specific areas. As an additional reminder: Usage of is_super_admin(), while not throwing a notice, is discouraged. If you need to check whether a network administrator has access to specific functionality in your pluginPlugin A plugin is a piece of software containing a group of functions that can be added to a WordPress website. They can extend functionality or add new features to your WordPress websites. WordPress plugins are written in the PHP programming language and integrate seamlessly with WordPress. These can be free in the WordPress.org Plugin Directory https://wordpress.org/plugins/ or can be cost-based plugin from a third-party, use one of the existing network capabilities or a custom capability. See #37616 for the ongoing task.

New HooksHooks In WordPress theme and development, hooks are functions that can be applied to an action or a Filter in WordPress. Actions are functions performed when a certain event occurs in WordPress. Filters allow you to modify certain functions. Arguments used to hook both filters and actions look the same.

  • deleted_blog fires after a sitesite (versus network, blog) has been deleted. See #25584
  • signup_site_meta filters site meta in wpmu_signup_blog(). See #39223
  • signup_user_meta filters user meta in wpmu_signup_user(). See #39223
  • minimum_site_name_length filters the minimum number of characters that can be used for new site signups. See #39676

Network-specific site and user count control

With WordPress 4.8, several functions related to network site and user counts now support an additional $network_id parameter that allows to read and update those counts on a different network than the current one. While this mostly increases general flexibility, the new parameter can be leveraged to fix inconsistencies, for example prior to 4.8 the creation of a new site on another network would falsely trigger a recalculation of the current network instead of the network being actually modified. See #38699 for the bugbug A bug is an error or unexpected result. Performance improvements, code optimization, and are considered enhancements, not defects. After feature freeze, only bugs are dealt with, with regressions (adverse changes from the previous version) being the highest priority. ticketticket Created for both bug reports and feature development on the bug tracker. and resulting task.

The functions that now support a $network_id parameter are:

  • get_blog_count(). See #37865.
  • get_user_count(). See #37866.
  • wp_update_network_site_counts(). See #37528.
  • wp_update_network_user_counts(). See #40349.
  • wp_update_network_counts(). See #40386.
  • wp_maybe_update_network_site_counts(). See #40384.
  • wp_maybe_update_network_user_counts(). See #40385.
  • wp_is_large_network(). The filterFilter Filters are one of the two types of Hooks https://codex.wordpress.org/Plugin_API/Hooks. They provide a way for functions to modify data of other functions. They are the counterpart to Actions. Unlike Actions, filters are meant to work in an isolated manner, and should never have side effects such as affecting global variables and output. wp_is_large_network now passes the network ID as fourth parameter as well. See #40489.

#4-8, #dev-notes, #multisite