Theming with Twenty Seventeen

In 4.7, WordPress gets a new default theme: Twenty Seventeen. Like all default themes, it’s easily customizable for users and developers. This post will cover developer features and a few tricks when customizing the theme.

Of note

  • Twenty Seventeen only works on 4.7 and above.
  • It uses the new video headerHeader The header of your site is typically the first thing people will experience. The masthead or header art located across the top of your page is part of the look and feel of your website. It can influence a visitor’s opinion about your content and you/ your organization’s brand. It may also look different on different screen sizes. and starter content features, each launched in 4.7.
  • The theme also implements new theme functions to make child theming easier.

Override enqueued styles and scripts

With the use of get_theme_file_uri, introduced in 4.7, Twenty Seventeen lets child themes override styles and scripts with ease. For example, if you want to replace the theme’s global.js file, you can do so by including the same file in your child themeChild theme A Child Theme is a customized theme based upon a Parent Theme. It’s considered best practice to create a child theme if you want to modify the CSS of your theme. https://developer.wordpress.org/themes/advanced-topics/child-themes/. in the same path.

Filters

Twenty Seventeen includes a handful of filters, all of which are documented in line in the code.

Content width

The value is filterable in the event a child theme needs to change it.

function childtheme_content_width( $content_width ) {
    if ( twentyseventeen_is_frontpage() ) {
        $content_width = 960;
    }
    return $content_width;
}
add_filter( 'twentyseventeen_content_width', 'childtheme_content_width' );

Custom header settings

Like past default themes, Twenty Seventeen filters the arguments for add_theme_support( 'custom-header' );. These can be changed in a child theme. Here, we’ll add flex-width to the current args.

function childtheme_custom_header_args( $args ) {
    $args['flex-width'] = true;
    return $args;
}
add_filter( 'twentyseventeen_custom_header_args', 'childtheme_custom_header_args' );

Header video settings

The theme changes the default provided by CoreCore Core is the set of software required to run WordPress. The Core Development Team builds WordPress., but that can be modified by a child theme. Here, we change the text on the button in a child theme:

function childtheme_setup() {
    remove_filter( 'header_video_settings', 'twentyseventeen_video_controls' );
}
add_action( 'after_setup_theme', 'childtheme_setup' );

function childtheme_video_controls( $settings ) {
	$settings['l10n']['play'] = '__( 'Play my awesome video', 'childtheme' );
	$settings['l10n']['pause'] = '__( 'Pause my awesome video', 'childtheme' );
	return $settings;
}
add_filter( 'header_video_settings', 'childtheme_video_controls' );

Front page sections

Twenty Seventeen uses the CustomizerCustomizer Tool built into WordPress core that hooks into most modern themes. You can use it to preview and modify many of your site’s appearance settings. to add sections to the front page. These are filterable with the twentyseventeen_front_page_sections filer. They can changed like so:

function childtheme_front_page_sections() {
	return 6;
}
add_filter( 'twentyseventeen_front_page_sections', 'childtheme_front_page_sections' );

With 6 being a new number there. In this way, the number of sections can be adjusted in a child theme.

SVGs

One of the theme’s most notable behind-the-scenes features, the use of SVGs means better accessibilityAccessibility Accessibility (commonly shortened to a11y) refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people with disabilities. The concept of accessible design ensures both “direct access” (i.e. unassisted) and “indirect access” meaning compatibility with a person’s assistive technology (for example, computer screen readers). (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accessibility) for icons, they look great on any device and they’re easier to customize.

First, the list of social link icons is filterable, so child themes can change it.

function childtheme_social_links_icons( $social_links_icons ) {
    $social_links_icons['mysocialsite.com'] = 'mysocialsite';
    return $social_links_icons;
}
add_filter( 'twentyseventeen_social_links_icons', 'childtheme_social_links_icons' );

All of Twenty Seventeen’s icons are decorative in nature. But if a child theme wanted to include an icon that needed to be described in an accessible way, it can thanks to built-in options.

These examples are documented in the code itself. However, for example:

Using a title:

<?php echo twentyseventeen_get_svg( array( 'icon' => 'arrow-right', 'title' => __( 'This is title', 'childtheme' ) ) ); ?>

Another example with title and desc (description):

<?php echo twentyseventeen_get_svg( array( 'icon' => 'arrow-right', 'title' => __( 'This is title', 'childtheme' ), 'desc' => __( 'This is longer desc', 'textdomain' ) ) ); ?>

For more information on SVG accessibility, see Using ARIA to enhance SVG accessibility.

Custom Colors

Like other default themes, this one comes with some color options so you can makemake A collection of P2 blogs at make.wordpress.org, which are the home to a number of contributor groups, including core development (make/core, formerly "wpdevel"), the UI working group (make/ui), translators (make/polyglots), the theme reviewers (make/themes), resources for plugin authors (make/plugins), and the accessibility working group (make/accessibility). the theme your own. Twenty Seventeen uses saturation to create a custom color scheme that will look great. That saturation level can be adjusted, like so:

function childtheme_custom_colors_saturation() {
	return 25;
}
add_filter( 'twentyseventeen_custom_colors_saturation', 'childtheme_custom_colors_saturation' );

So the lower the number there, the more muted a color appears, and the higher it is, the more intense a color becomes.

You can also add new CSSCSS Cascading Style Sheets. to the existing CSS output for custom colors.

By adding a filterFilter Filters are one of the two types of Hooks https://codex.wordpress.org/Plugin_API/Hooks. They provide a way for functions to modify data of other functions. They are the counterpart to Actions. Unlike Actions, filters are meant to work in an isolated manner, and should never have side effects such as affecting global variables and output., child themes can add additional selectors onto the custom color scheme CSS. Like so:

// Add child theme selectors for color schemes.
function dynamic_seventeen_custom_colors_css( $css, $hue, $saturation ) {
	$css .= '
	.colors-custom .content-menu > article:not(.has-post-thumbnail),
	.colors-custom .content-menu > section:not(.has-post-thumbnail) {
		border-top-color: hsl( ' . $hue . ', ' . $saturation . ', 87% ); /* base: #ddd; */
	}';
	return $css;
}
add_filter( 'twentyseventeen_custom_colors_css', 'dynamic_seventeen_custom_colors_css', 10, 3 );

Enjoy customizing Twenty Seventeen and happy theming!

#4-7, #bundled-theme, #dev-notes, #twenty-seventeen