Documentation Standards Edit

To promote similarity and consistency between WP-CLI commands, we’ve produced these documentation standards we’d encourage you to follow. Commonality is a key component of usability, because it reduces the mental overhead required when switching between commands.

Pull requests against the WP-CLI project are reviewed for these standards. Please follow these standards for your custom commands as well.

Command annotation Command annotation

Here’s an example of the PHPdoc annotating the wp cron event schedule command:

/**
 * Schedule a new cron event.
 *
 * ## OPTIONS
 *
 * <hook>
 * : The hook name.
 *
 * [<next-run>]
 * : A Unix timestamp or an English textual datetime description compatible with `strtotime()`. Defaults to now.
 *
 * [<recurrence>]
 * : How often the event should recur. See `wp cron schedule list` for available schedule names. Defaults to no recurrence.
 *
 * [--<field>=<value>]
 * : Associative args for the event.
 *
 * ## EXAMPLES
 *
 *     # Schedule a new cron event.
 *     $ wp cron event schedule cron_test
 *     Success: Scheduled event with hook 'cron_test' for 2016-05-31 10:19:16 GMT.
 *
 *     # Schedule new cron event with hourly recurrence.
 *     $ wp cron event schedule cron_test now hourly
 *     Success: Scheduled event with hook 'cron_test' for 2016-05-31 10:20:32 GMT.
 *
 *     # Schedule new cron event and pass associative arguments.
 *     $ wp cron event schedule cron_test '+1 hour' --foo=1 --bar=2
 *     Success: Scheduled event with hook 'cron_test' for 2016-05-31 11:21:35 GMT.
 */

To break the example down piece by piece:

  • “Schedule a new cron event.” is the command description. The command description should be under 50 characters and written in an active, present tense.
  • The options section should begin with ## OPTIONS. Keep a blank line before and after the heading.
  • Each option should be named in a manner that concisely describes its purpose.
  • Example section should start with ## EXAMPLES. Keep blank line before and after the heading.
  • Include a blank line before and after each example to help visually indicate each as a separate example
  • Each example should have 3 parts.
    • Description
      • Must start with # and a space.
      • Sentence should start with capital letter
      • Comment must end in full-stops, exclamation marks, or question marks.
      • Eg: # Create database.
    • Command
      • Must start with $ and a space. Eg: $ wp db create
    • Sample Output
      • Keep exact output. Note spaces and indentation in the output. Exception: If output is very long, it could be truncated to show suitable section only.
      • Eg: Success: Database created.
  • If possible, keep at least two examples for each command. One showing basic use and another advanced use. More use cases the better.

For more details on how WP-CLI understands the PHPdoc, please see the commands cookbook.

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Class annotation Class annotation

For classes representing a collection of subcommands, we’d encourage you to use class-level annotation to provide an introduction to the collection.

/**
 * Manage options.
 *
 * ## EXAMPLES
 *
 *     # Get site URL.
 *     $ wp option get siteurl
 *     http://example.com
 *
 *     # Add option.
 *     $ wp option add my_option foobar
 *     Success: Added 'my_option' option.
 *
 *     # Update option.
 *     $ wp option update my_option '{"foo": "bar"}' --format=json
 *     Success: Updated 'my_option' option.
 *
 *     # Delete option.
 *     $ wp option delete my_option
 *     Success: Deleted 'my_option' option.
 */
  • Class could have multiple examples. Please follow standards for examples on a command doc.

Messages within command execution Messages within command execution

$ wp theme activate twentysixteen
Success: Switched to 'Twenty Sixteen' theme.
  • Message must start with capital letter.
    • Exception: When message starts with special key and is wrapped with quotes. Eg – 'movie' is not registered post type.
  • If single line message, it must end with ..
    • Exception: There should be no trailing character in the end when colon : is used like this. Invalid ID: 123
    • Exception: Message to display in progress bar can omit trailing period. Eg – Generating comments
  • Filenames and folder names must be wrapped with quotes ( ' ).
  • Roles, sidebar ID, post type key, taxonomy key must be wrapped with quotes.
  • Message in the context of ongoing action could end with .... Eg – Downloading from https://github.com/wp-cli/wp-cli/releases/download/v0.23.1/wp-cli-0.23.1.phar...

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Command parameter description Command parameter description

If there is a set of allowed values for a command parameter, we have set special format (mostly similar to YAML) for default value and available options.

[--format=<format>]
: Render output in a particular format.
---
default: table
options:
  - table
  - csv
  - json
  - count
  - yaml
---
  • Section starts with --- in the separate line next to the param description.
  • In the next line keep default value with default: value.
  • For options, start with options: in the following line.
  • Keep value in the following pattern: 2 space, -, 1 space, value
  • Close section with ---.