This week in WordPress Accessibility, May 9th, 2018

Gutenberg Bug scrub

We discussed issues marked for the Gutenberg merge proposal milestone accessibility.

Publishing Flow accessibility:
The conclusion of the discussion with this ticket is: we need to work with the current design and get that working for keyboard. We should probably start trying to fix keyboard interaction, tab order, focus management, etc. Needs a developer.

Link boundaries don’t work with Safari 11.0.1 when using VoiceOver:
Andrea tested the issue again and closed it: current Safari stable is 11.1 (which was Safari Technology Preview at the time this issue was created) so now boundaries work when using VoiceOver.

Consider a mechanism to customize shortcuts, e.g. Ctrl + backtick:
There is a good discussion with the issues but no PR or actual progress so far.
Still marked for merge proposal, because without this some features are not available for all users. Needs a developer.

Components and features should be logically placed within the main regions:
From a coding perspective, it’s mainly about the publishing flow.
Once that is fixed, it should be made clear in the Gutenberg developers documentation that any UI must live inside the landmark regions, with the exception of modals and the like, since they’re typically injected before the closing <body>.

Reminder: audit all the aria-labels:
@grahamarmfield is making a list of all current aria-labels.
It will be quite a job to create clear labels for all items.

Switches should always show On/Off label:
This is a design decision that conflicts with accessibility. It’s hard to create consensus over this.
Our question: what is the value of these switches compared to native checkboxes, besides being pretty. Native checkboxes are universal, simple, clear and very accessible.

Team meeting

Handbook

Going steady. We just need people to read the pages in the section Best Practices. For readability, completeness and accuracy. Volunteers are very welcome

Gutenberg

About the Gutenberg Assistive Technology manual: Rian talked with the docs team and the best place for a Gutenberg AT manual will be the new HelpHub. We now have access to write content there. Maybe (in the far far future ) we can convert it into an overall AT manual for the Admin.

The Gutenberg “Inserter” is probably going to change, there’s one more iteration and a pending PR that changes it significantly. In a first look it’s an improvement, accessibility wise.

Andrea explored the re-ordering of elements surrounding the blocks and this proposal by @melchoyce could help a11y: Display block tools underneath the block, instead of to the sides.

WordCamp Europe

We plan to organise a “Pair/Peer programming with a Subject Matter Expert and Dev” for the WCEU contributor day.

The a11y team has not enough expertise to write a pull request for some of the milestone issues and the Gutenberg developers have enough expertise on web accessibility. So pairing them up at the contributor day seems like the best solution to get work done quickly. We will write a dedicated blog post about it and make some noise to recruit developers.

Action

  • Write ATAG statement: Joe Dolson
  • Write about what WCAG 2.1 means for the WordPress project: Rian (planned for end of May)
  • Organise Gutenberg Pair/Peer programming for WCEU contributor day: Rian (this and next week)

And further…

May 17th is Global Accessibility Awareness Day (#DAAG) with many events you can attend.

For those of you who have not subscribed yet: A11y Weekly is a excellent newsletter by @davidakennedy with news and resources on Web Accessibility.

#weekly-meetings

This week in WordPress Accessibility, May 4th, 2018

Bug scrub

We discussed issues marked for the Gutenberg merge proposal milestone:

Simplify and streamline keyboard navigation through blocks:
First: what if the block toolbar had only one tab stop and navigating through its controls would be possible with the arrow keys? Would users be able to get it?
Interaction modal: ARIA toolbar example
Conclusion: we are going to try this and let it test by some advanced keyboard / screen reader / VIM users

Second: the tab order
A good tab order would be for example: insert block, then editable area and then the rest. But should the visual order meet match DOM order? @afercia will try to investigate on the first two things in the next days

Constrain tabbing within popovers and similar components:
Alexander Botteram is working on a modal component that introduces a re-usable “constrain tabbing” feature.

Publishing Flow accessibility:
Nic Bertino did research on this and created a design proposal, that needs following up by the design and develop team.

Weekly meeting

Handbook

We added new pages added about Test for web accessibility to the handbook’s Best Practices chapter. If there are people who want to review what is published, please do.

Sami Keijonen tweeted posts from the handbook in a series on Twitter. Nobody uses Facebook in the team, so we won’t start a Facebook campagne.

Gutenberg

Summarised: Minor fixes went in, the bigger issues are still to solve.

We need to write a manual for AT users. We need people who are familiar with Gutenberg to be involved in writing the manual for AT users of Gutenberg. We can start outlining the processes and AT combinations to be documented. Rian will investigate what the best place is to publish this manual. Rian and Sami want to help writing.

We will dedicate our weekly bugscrub now on Gutenberg for now

We need to contact someone from Dragon about issue raised by Eric Wright: Can’t add a post title using speech recognition software.

Open Floor

Nicolas Steenhout has a podcast: A11y Rules. He’d love to speak to people that are NEW to accessibility, either working full time in it, or developers that are exploring #a11y.


So, if you think that’s you, please contact him, always nice to hear new voices

Action

  • Write ATAG statement: Joe Dolson
  • Write about what WCAG 2.1 means for the WordPress project: Rian
  • Find the best place for the Gutenberg AT handbook: Rian

 

 

#weekly-meetings

Accessibility team meeting, April 23, 2018

Transcript in Slack

Meeting notes

Time for next meetings

We picked a new time for the weekly a11y bugscrub and team meeting:

During the daylight saving time (as in now):

  • Accessibility bug scrub: Wednesday 14:00 UTC
  • Accessibility Team meeting: Wednesday 15:00 UTC

Starting next week, May 2, so the meeting on Monday 30th will be cancelled.

Handbook

After the handbook is sort of finished we want to maintain it via GitHub. That way more people can contribute or file issues. @nicbertino will help migrating the content we have now to GitHub and we are looking for an easy way to push the GitHub pages back in the handbook pages on wordpress.org.

Kudos to WPTavern for publishing a post about the handbook and the need for help.
At the moment we don’t need writers, but we desperately need reviewers with knowledge of accessibility and native English speakers to go through the pages on Best Practice we have published or are in draft on Google Docs.

@samikeijonen will post a series of tweets on @WPAccessibility to promote finished content in the Best Practice section. Which already gave discussion on Twitter, so that works well 🙂

Gutenberg

AT WordCamp London @karmatosed joined the a11y table and we discussed the issues on GitHub that have priority.
They are 13 issues labeled Accessibility and Milestoned Merge proposal: Accessibility. Some are also labeled High Priority.
@abrightclearweb researched the blocks – keyboard interaction (Tab, Shift+Tab) and added that info to the issue Simplify and streamline keyboard navigation through blocks.

These issues need to be worked on. The team is worried those issues can not be addressed before the merge proposal.

#weekly-meetings

Change of the day and time of the Accessibility Team Meetings

We picked a new time for the weekly accessibility bugscrub and team meeting, so more people can be present and less people will be very hungry:

During the daylight saving time (as in now):

  • Accessibility Bug Scrub: Wednesday 14:00 UTC
  • Accessibility Team meeting: Wednesday 15:00 UTC

We’ll adjust the time after the daylight saving period, so the meetings stay on the same local time.

Starting next week, May 2nd, so the meetings on Monday 30th will be cancelled.

#weekly-meetings

Accessibility team meeting, April 9, 2018

Agenda

  1. Accessibility statement
  2. Handbook
  3. Gutenberg, priorities for WordCamp London
  4. Contributor drives
  5. Open floor

Meeting notes

Accessibility statement

The WordPress project now has an accessibility statement. We still need to add an ATAG (Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines) statement to add to that page. @joedolson will write that, sometime in the near future.

Accessibility Handbook

At the moment @rianrietveld and @samikeijonen are writing pages about how to test for accessibility to add to the handbook best practices chapter, for developers, designers and content managers. This at the request of the Gutenberg team. The pages are in draft now, to be published this or next week.

Gutenberg, priorities for WordCamp London

@karmatosed suggested the following workflow for this:

  • sit down together at a11y table on the contributor day prioritising all a11y issues in a spreadsheet
  • create a solid few weeks plan for accessibility, get everything in milestones, get everything so we all know we’re on track
  • get a ‘hot list’ from that and give easy wins to developers present at  the contributor day
  • leave that clearly knowing what needs to be done for a11y and how help can get there
  • focus on a plan of tasks and that all tasks have enough information to be developed by anyone working on project

Contributor drives

Angela Jin asked us to write up content for their info pages about work that can be done for the different teams during a contributor drive (a bite sized contributor day). @rianrietveld also adjusted the page Getting Started at a Contributor Day for this too.
If a contributor wants to select an a11y task:

  1. Tell the #accessibility channel in WordPress Slack that you are hosting a Contributor Drive and request specific projects and direction.
  2. If you need assistance during the Contributor Drive, ask questions in Slack.

To avoid having to maintain a page with a list of tasks in the documentation of the contributor drive.

Open floor

  • @postphotos came with the idea of organising “contributor drives” in regions across the world, focused on a11y. Like the translation days. He will research this further. We agreed this is a fun idea (wpa11y day?)
  • @arush will publish her research on the screen reader accessibility of Gutenberg this week
  • We had a discussion about adding hreflang to links in translatable strings, like e.g. <a href="%s" hreflang="en"> . Adding the hreflang="en" in the translation triggers a warning
  • We discussed setting a new date/time for the meetings. There will be a separate post about this tomorrow.

 

#weekly-meetings

Accessibility team meeting, March 26, 2018

Gutenberg testing

@joedolson was at then CSUN conference last week and asked Léonie Watson and Sina Bahram to have a go at the Gutenberg test. Both are internationally recognized experts in web accessibility, WordPress users and highly experienced both at testing applications and coding.

Test results

Leonie Watson found the system extremely difficult to use. She currently runs her own WordPress site, and has for many years, so her starting assumption was to expect her past knowledge to be useful, and to attempt to use it as a standard page.

Sina Bahram immediately assumed that Gutenberg was an application, and should be operated as one, but found it frustrating that this turned out to only sometimes be true. Strongly suggested using the application role so that interactions would be more predictable. Video of Sina’s session (20 min)

One comment that both users made specifically was that they “didn’t trust” the focus management, and both elected to try alternate methods of navigation (link nav, heading nav, find in page) specifically because they didn’t trust that tabbing would take them where they expected. The most problematic issue there was the block menus having different forward and backwards action.

Both users also attempted to search for help at some point, feeling that there should be some kind of instruction to inform them how the interface worked, but did not find any.

Unpredictability is one of the biggest enemies Joe saw in these tests. Users got frustrated not knowing where their next interaction would go.

CTA

During the meeting we discussed use of role="application" and role="textbox" and we will do an A/B test on the test server to see if that makes the interface better usable for the combination Firefox & NVDA.

We will publish a post this week summarizing all test results and the work that needs to be done on Gutenberg before merge.

Underlining of links in the content

In new committed code, there is no underlining for links in text blocks. But according to WCAG: links must stand out in the text, not by colour alone. To prevent this from happening this should be added to the Accessibility Coding Standards for WordPress Core. This was also added earlier to the Theme Guidelines.

@afercia added the required underlining text to the Accessibility Coding Standards for WordPress Core.

#weekly-meetings

This week in WordPress Accessibility, March 12, 2018

We had four items on the agenda:

  1. Handbook.
  2. Gutenberg and accessibility requirements.
  3. Visual change on hover for a link.
  4. Open floor.

Read the full transcript in Slack.

Handbook

Accessibility handbook is going forward little by little. Here are couple of newest articles:

Next steps also include marketing plans for the handbook. The idea is that people would actually know about the handbook 🙂

Gutenberg and accessibility requirements

We have been talking about accessibility requirements in Gutenberg. We now have nine items in the list, last three was added todays meeting.

  1. Keyboard navigation through blocks needs to be greatly simplified and streamlined. See the experiment with navigation mode / edit mode.
  2. For some components, there’s the need to constrain tabbing within the component (i.e. they should behave like “modals”).
  3. The publishing flow needs to be simplified, currently its accessibility is terrible.
  4. Everything needs to live inside the landmark regions.
  5. Text mode: a simple textarea is the only guarantee to enable users to publish content, regardless of the device / technology they use.
  6. Write documentation for keyboard and screen reader users.
  7. Consider a mechanism to customize shortcuts, e.g. Cmd/Ctrl + backtick, see issue #3218.
  8. Use a `role=”textbox”` for all the Editable elements, see issue #3412 and issue #4074.
  9. Block toolbars position counterintuitive for keyboard users, see issue #3976.

We would like to get these implemented before merge proposal.

Update March 13: We also talked about the issue where adding a post title is hard using speech recognition software. There is PR for adding aria-label to post title, which needs testing.

Visual change on hover for a link

We discussed should links have visual change on hover. There were two use cases to investigate.

  1. Vanilla link: <a href="#link">This is link</a>
  2. Link with image: <a href="#link"><img src="test.png" alt="testing image inside link"></a>

For item one we already have a guideline that main content links needs to be underlined. Without CSS browsers only have cursor pointer on hover. See the screenshot below.

link have cursor pointer by default on hover

We agreed that there is no need for visual change on hover, as it follows browsers native behaviour. But from a usability point of view extra visual change can be helpful. For example removing the underline.

Item two (image inside a link) use cases are for example gallery or feature image linking to post. We agreed that images don’t need underline or border. But on hover change we recommend same styles as on focus, like outline styles.

There are couple of examples how to deal with feature image linking to post:

  1. Put image inside the same link as post title.
  2. Ignore some of the links at least for keyboard users.

We were also joking around as usual: Surround the image with marquee text “Click the image”.

Open floor

@postphotos (Leo Postovoit) had his first ticket and patch about what captions means for video. Congrats!

@afercia (Andrea Fercia) made the “Available Widgets” section operable with a keyboard. Also, the link to the “Accessibility mode” is now available to all users.

enable accessibility mode link visible

There should be a game called things you didn’t know about WP admin.

#weekly-meetings

This week in WordPress Accessibility, March 5, 2018

WPa1y team meeting

Transcript in Slack

Handbook

Work goes well. @samikeijonen is working on a post about SVG, @rianrietveld is writing about wp.a11y.speak().

Gutenberg

Requirements

We discussed the accessibility requirements for Gutenberg, before merging into core.
@afercia proposed

  1. Keyboard navigation through blocks needs to be greatly simplified and streamlined. See the experiment with navigation mode / edit mode.
  2. For some components, there’s the need to constrain tabbing within the component (i.e. they should behave like “modals”).
  3. The publishing flow needs to be simplified, currently its accessibility is terrible.
  4. Everything needs to live inside the landmark regions.
  5. Text mode: a simple textarea is the only guarantee to enable users to publish content, regardless of the device / technology they use.

We agreed on one extra:
6. Write documentation for keyboard and screen reader users.
Andrea opened a GitHub issue for this: User guide and keyboard shortcuts documentation

Testing

Andrea asks for more people to test the accessibility of Gutenberg.
Rian wrote a test set for this (Gutenberg accessibility testing) and she did an initial test with keyboard only.: Keyboard test Gutenberg, a first try.
The plan is to ask testers from the wpa11y test team to do this test too and so discover more issues. We plan to have a large a11y test session at the contributor day at WordCamp London.

Items on the To-do list

  • Add a page in the handbook about which screen reader / OS / browser combinations to use
  • A11y test Gutenberg (@everyone)
  • Investigate and screen reader test the use of a navigation landmark inside header landmark
  • Research screen reader performance for code short codes like [ php ] or [ html ]
  • ATAG statement (@joedolson)
  • WCAG statement (@rianrietveld)

Good reads

#weekly-meetings

This week in WordPress Accessibility, February 26, 2018

Transcript of a meeting in Slack.

About placeholders

In ticket 40460 there is discussion should placeholders be added to wp_login_form(). @afercia have written good summary in the comments why in this case placeholders would not be a good idea.

Therefore we decided to close the ticket. But discussion can continue in the ticket and valid use cases are welcome.

Handbook status update

First of March was our first deadline. We are not going to make it but we are progressing OK. We have marketing plan what to do after basic articles have been written.

List of must-have accessibility fixes in Gutenberg for version 1

  • Keyboard navigation through blocks needs to be greatly simplified and streamlined. See the experiment with navigation mode / edit mode.
  • For some components, there’s the need to constrain tabbing within the component (i.e. they should behave like “modals”).
  • The publishing flow needs to be simplified, currently its accessibility is terrible.
  • Everything needs to live inside the landmark regions.
  • Text mode: a simple textarea is the only guarantee to enable users to publish content, regardless of the device / technology they use.
  • Documentation for keyboard shortcuts and keyboard-only users.

We need to start testing more and open actionable issues.

Open floor

We ALL love snow and gold weather! ☃️❄️🌬

#weekly-meetings

This week in WordPress Accessibility, December 18, 2017

Weekly meeting

Transcript meeting in Slack

Handbook

Progress of the “best practices” in the handbook according to @samikeijonen : “It’s a bullet that’s moving fast in the right direction, I’m confident about it”.

Marketing handbook: we working with the marketing team to set up a plan.
Roadmap first release March 1. After that we can keep extending and modifying the content.

Gutenberg

About Prevent frontend style getting in Gutenberg: According to Sami: It’s a bullet that’s moving fast in different directions. Lots of good discussions going on, there’s not a definite solution yet.

WCAG 2.1

Last week @rianrietveld has been to a Dutch WCAG 2.1 meeting. Wilco Fiers was there too, he’s in the team that writes this new guidelines. They discussed the new rules and we will continue to do so on January 12. After that last meeting Rian will do a write up of what the new guidelines mean for WordPress.

WCAG / ATAG statement

  • WCAG: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
  • ATAG:  Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (a subset of accessibility rules specifically for content creation)

We want to publish an article/articles addressing WCAG / ATAG and WordPress. To refer to, as we get questions about the policy WordPress follows and the current state of accessibility. We probably also need legal advice for this.
@joedolson will write the statement for ATAG , @rianrietveld for WCAG.

Next meetings

  • Bug scrub: 16:00 UTC, January 8, 2018
  • Team meeting: 17:00 UTC, January 8, 2018

Because of Christmas and New Years day we will skip 2 weeks.

Items on the To-do list

  • Research screen reader performance for code short codes like [ php ] or [ html ]
  • ATAG statement @joedolson
  • WCAG statement @rianrietveld

Accessibility news / good reads

#weekly-meetings